Psalm 45:6,7; Hebrews 1:8-10.
The leading text talks about two divine personalities: God, the heavenly Father and Christ, the anointed One, who is also God. Note also that the Holy Spirit is God. That is why they are called the divine Trinity three personalities in the Godhead. The focus now, however, is on Christ: “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom”. The Scripture further states that Christ “laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of [His] hands”, the works of His hands“.
1. THE ETERNAL EXISTENCE AND EXALTATION OF
CHRIST Psalm 45:6,7
Christ had been from all eternity. He had existed from everlasting to everlasting. His throne “is for ever and ever: the sceptre of [His] kingdom is a right sceptre“.
(i).The Eternal Kingship and Royalty of Christ
Psalm 45:6; Hebrews 1:8; Psalm 93:2; Micah 5:2
‘’Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever”. Christ’s eternal kingship and royalty is very clear in the Scriptures. There is no argument that He is greater than all men (Abraham, Aaron, Moses, Joshua and David) and angels. He “is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting’. Jesus Christ was not created; He had been from eternity and will continue until eternity.
(ii). The Everlasting Kingdom and Reign of Christ.
Psalms 45:6b; 145:13; Isaiah 9:6, 7; Luke 1:31-33
“The sceptre of thy kingdom is a right sceptre.” Our Lord Jesus Christ has an eternal existence and an everlasting Kingdom. Unfortunately, many people do not know how great He is. They compare Him with earthly kings whose kingdoms and reign are transient. Not only is He an everlasting King, His kingdom and dominion are also everlasting and He will reign forever. The kingdoms of all nations will eventually submit to the Lord Jesus Christ because “the government shall be upon His shoulder… and of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end…”
(iii). The Exceptional Kingliness and Righteousness of Christ
Psalm 45:7; Hebrews 1:9; Psalm 119:104,128,163; Proverbs
6:16-19, Malachi 2:16; 2 Chronicles 19:2; Revelation 2:15
‘’Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.” Christ hates iniquity and Sin from all eternity. That is why He came to the world to save and turn us to righteousness. Therefore, He expects that those who claim to know Him have His nature and character, and hate evil, transgression and rebellion. They will not do the things He hates, love what He hates or Support those who work against Him. If we claim to have the grace of God in our hearts, we will “hate every false way” and iniquity.
2. THE ETERNAL EXCELLENCY AND EQUALITY OF CHRIST
Christ is equal with the Father. “But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, o God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness kingdom”.
i).The Eternal Exaltation of Christ as God.
Hebrews 1:9, 10; Psalm 2:6-8; Hebrews 1:6; Philippians 2:9-11; Colossians 2:9, 10
‘’…Even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows”. Christ is above all men and angels, and He is equal to the Father because God “hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name.
(ii). The Eternal Equality of Christ with God.
Zechariah 13:7; Philippians 2:6; John 10:30; 1 John 4:17; Hebrews 7:26; John 17:21-23; 1 John 2:6; 3:3; Galatians 2:20
Christ has been equal with the Father from all eternity. He affirmed, “I and my Father are one“. He also wants us to be made perfect in one” just as He and the Father are one. Although there are incommunicable attributes of Christ which believers cannot have, such as His eternality, infinity, omnipotence, omnipresence and omniscience, yet, there are some communicable attributes of Christ His goodness, righteousness, holiness, meekness, lowliness, good works and faith – that pass on to the believer the moment he surrenders his life to Him. Christ is “holy, harmless, undefiled, separate from sinners” and we manifest His likeness when we are saved.
(iii). The Eternal Empire of Christ and God
Psalm 145:10-13; Daniel 7:13, 14
Christ’s dominion extends through all generation. His ‘’dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed”. Because we are under His territory and dominion, no power of darkness can have any authority over us.
3. THE EVIDENT EXPRESSION AND EXPLOITS OF CHRIST.
Christ is the express Image of the heavenly Father and He came to reveal whom God the Father is, through His majesty, miracle, manifestation and exploits.
(i).The Express Manifestation of God and His Glory Hebrews 1:3; 1 Timothy 3:16; Matthew 1:23; Romans 9:5; 2 Corinthians 4:6
Christ came to manifest the power and the glory of God. He is “the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power”. He is “Emmanuel which being interpreted is, God with us”. And all the power, glory and possibilities embodied in the person of Christ reside in those He indwells.
ii). The Exalted Majesty of God in His Greatness
Psalms45:4-6; 93:1; 145:5-7,12, 13.
“The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength”. His “kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and [His] dominion endureth throughout all generations”.
(iii). His Excellent Ministry of God’s Grace and Goodness.
Hebrews 8:6; 1 Corinthians 2:9, 10; Daniel 11:32; John 14:12, Mark 9:23; Matthew 21:20-22
“But now hath he obtained a more excellent ministry, by how much also he is the mediator of a better covenant, which was established upon better promises”. Christ’s power and exploits are manifested in the lives of those who believe on Him. They ‘shall be strong, and do exploit’ and ‘’greater works’’ than He did.